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حدیثه کریمی حجت اله بداقی احمد رجایی شیده موجرلو

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر به‌منظور بررسی فعالیت ضدقارچی و پایداری اسانس آویشن درون پوشانی در نانوژل کیتوزان- مریستیک اسید در برابر قارچ Botrytis cinerea در انگور قرمز شاهرودی انجام گرفت. اثر نانوژل کیتوزان-مریستیک اسید در سه سطح صفر، 150 و 300 میکرولیتر در لیتر ، اسانس آویشن خالص و اسانس آویشن درون‌پوشانی شده در نانوژل کیتوزان- مریستیک اسید در سه سطح 0، 75 و 150 میکرولیتر در لیتر در شرایط آزمایشگاهی و بر ماندگاری میوه‌های انگور در شرایط اتمسفر تعدیل یافته در طی 72 روز نگهداری در دمای 2 تا 4 درجه سانتی‌گراد مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج طیف‌سنجی مادون قرمز (FTIR) اتصال موفقیت‌آمیز بین گروه‌های آمین کیتوزان و گروه‌های کربوکسیلیک اسید- مریستیک اسید را تایید کرد و تصویر میکروسکوپ الکترونی روبشی اندازه ذرات نانوژل کیتوزان- مریستیک اسید حاوی اسانس را کمتر از 100 نانومتر نشان داد. تست رهایش نشان داد که انتشار اسانس آویشن از نانوژل کیتوزان- مریستیک اسید روندی دو مرحله‌ای دارد. نتایج حاصل از حبه‌های آلوده بسته‌بندی شده تایید کرد با افزایش غلظت اسانس آویشن، اثر ضدقارچی نیز افزایش یافته است. کمترین میزان هدایت الکتریکی و تغییر رنگ، بالاترین مولفه L* و شاخص کروما در تیمار اسانس آویشن با غلظت 75 میکرولیتر در لیتر مشاهده گردید. نتایج نشان دادند که غلظت‌های پایین اسانس درون‎پوشانی شده در کنترل عامل قارچ بوتریتیس انگور بهتر از اسانس خالص با همان غلظت عمل کرد، در حالی که در آزمایش‌های مربوط به قابلیت انبارمانی میوه انگور تیمار اسانس آویشن با غلظت 75 میکرولیتر در لیتر مطلوبترین نتیجه را نشان داد.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

نانوکپسوله, اثر ضدقارچی, اسانس آویشن, Botrytis cinerea, انگور

مراجع
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ارجاع به مقاله
کریمیح., بداقیح. ا., رجاییا., & موجرلوش. (2019). بررسی فعالیت ضدقارچی اسانس آویشن نانوکپسوله در برابر Botrytis cinerea در انگور قرمز شاهرودی. پژوهش های علوم و صنایع غذایی ایران, 16(4), 367-381. https://doi.org/10.22067/ifstrj.v16i4.76390
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