نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

2 علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

3 دانشگاه کشاورزی والنسیا

چکیده

در این پژوهش تاثیر هیدرولیزآنزیمی پروتئین‌گرده‌گل توسط آنزیم آلکالاز بر خواص‌آنتی‌اکسیدانی و بازدارندگی آنزیمACE بررسی و با ژله‌رویال مقایسه‌گردید. ترکیبات فنلی، فعالیت‌مهارکنندگی‌رادیکال‌DPPH، قدرت احیاکنندگی‌گرده‌گل و ژله‌رویال اندازه‌گیری شد که مقادیر آنها برای غلظت 1000 میلی‌گرم برلیترگرده‌گل و ژله‌رویال، به‌ترتیب 174 و 71/1031 میلی‌گرم اسیدگالیک برگرم نمونه، 33/67% و 27/95% و جذب 8/0 و 77/0 در طول موج 700 نانومتر بود. بیشترین قدرت احیاکنندگی تیمارهای هیدرولیز شده با آنزیم آلکالاز 5/1% و مدت زمان هیدرولیز 5/2 ساعت، 756/0 بود. بیشترین قدرت مهار رادیکال DPPH تیمارهای هیدرولیز شده با آنزیم آلکالاز 1% و مدت زمان هیدرولیز 4 ساعت، 48/78% بود. بیشترین قدرت مهار آنزیم مبدل آنژیوتنسین (ACE) تیمارهای هیدرولیز شده با آنزیم آلکالاز5/1% و مدت زمان هیدرولیز 4 ساعت 07/87% بود. نتایج نشان داد که با انجام عمل هیدرولیز، قدرت مهار رادیکالDPPH و آنزیم ACE گرده گل به‌ترتیب از 33/67% و 54/15% به 48/78% و 07/87 % ارتقا پیدا کرد. بنابراین بعد از انجام عمل هیدرولیز، قدرت مهار رادیکال و آنزیم ACE گرده‌گل، از نظر عددی نسبت به ژله رویال افزایش پیدا‌کرد. با توجه به اینکه تنها منبع اصلی پروتئینی زنبور برای تهیه ژله رویال، گرده گل است، می‌توان گفت که با هیدرولیز شدن پروتئیین‌های گرده گل، تا حدی می‌توان آنها را به پپتیدهای موجود در ژله رویال نزدیک کرد.

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