نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان

2 دانشگاه صنعتی دانمارک

3 دانشگاه علوم پزشکی گلستان

چکیده

در این پژوهش، از روش سطح پاسخ برای بهینه‌سازی و مدلسازی شرایط هیدرولیز پروتئین‌های نخود کاجان (Cajanus cajan) (لپه) توسط پپسین و تولید پروتئین‌های هیدرولیز شده با ویژگی‌های آنتی‌اکسیدانی و تغذیه‌ای استفاده شد. هیدرولیز در نسبت آنزیم به سوبسترا 1، 2 و 3 درصد(وزنی- وزنی)، دماهای 30، 35 و 40 درجه سانتی‌گراد و زمان‌های 2، 5/3 و 5 ساعت انجام، و توانایی مهار رادیکال آزاد 2و2 دی فنیل 1 پیکیریل هیدرازیل، قدرت احیاء‌کنندگی، مهار رادیکال هیدروکسیل و ظرفیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی کل به‌عنوان متغیرهای وابسته بررسی شد. شرایط بهینه هیدرولیز برای دستیابی به بیشترین میزان فعالیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی، نسبت آنزیم به سوبسترا 15/2 درصد، دمای 9/39 درجه سانتی‌گراد و زمان 52/4 ساعت بود. پروتئین هیدرولیز شده دارای مقادیر زیادی از آمینواسیدهای آنتی‌اکسیدان گلوتامیک اسید و فنیل آلانین بود و از نظر وجود آمینواسیدهای ضروری دارای کیفیت تغذیه‌ای مناسبی بود. نتایج بررسی توزیع وزن مولکولی (به روش FPLC) نشان داد که وزن مولکولی بیشتر پپتیدهای تولید شده کمتر از 10 کیلودالتون است که بیشترین تأثیر را در فعالیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی دارند. نتایج نشان داد که از پروتئین‌های هیدرولیز شده نخود کاجان توسط پپسین می‌توان به‌عنوان آنتی‌اکسیدان طبیعی و همچنین به‌عنوان منبع آمینواسیدهای ضروری استفاده کرد.

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