نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی فارسی

نویسندگان

گروه فناوری مواد غذایی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان.

چکیده

هیدروژل‌ها شبکه سه‌بعدی زنجیره پلیمری با توانایی جذب زیاد آب هستند که جهت کاهش استفاده از منابع فسیلی مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. آرد فیلتر گندم محصولی اجتناب‏ناپذیر از طبقه بندی آرد تحت سیستم پنوماتیک در صنعت مدرن آسیابانی گندم می‏باشد. از عیوب فیلم‏های هیدروژلی در صنایع بسته‏بندی می‏توان به شکنندگی، نفوذپذیری بالا نسبت به آب و مقاومت کم در برابر آب اشاره کرد. از این حیث هدف این پژوهش بررسی اثر غلظت کارواکرول (5 و 10 درصد نسبت به وزن پلیمر) بر ویژگی‏های فیزیکی و مکانیکی، ممانعت‌کنندگی، زاویه تماس سطحی و ضدمیکروبی فیلم هیدروژلی بر پایه آرد فیلتر بود. نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش نشان داد با افزایش غلظت کارواکرول در محلول فیلم‏سازی، ضخامت و مقاومت به کشش افزایش و رطوبت، حلالیت در آب و کشش‌پذیری فیلم‌های هیدروژلی کاهش یافت. منافد ریز متعددی در سطح فیلم های حاوی کارواکرول با استفاده از تصاویر میکروسکوپ الکترونی روبشی مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. بیشترین نفوذپذیری نسبت به بخار آب 10-10× 32/ 1 گرم مترثانیه پاسکال) و کمترین حلالیت در آب (63/0±01/37 درصد) در فیلم هیدروژلی حاوی10 درصد کارواکرول مشاهده شد. ارزیابی فعالیت ضدمیکروبی بخارهای کارواکرول فیلم هیدروژلی در محیط جامد نشان داد که اثربخشی بخار این ترکیب علیه آسپرژیلوس نایجر (بازدارندگی کامل رشد) در مقایسه با اشرشیاکلای و لیستریامونوسایتوژنز بیشتر بود. اندیس کاهش لگاریتمی کارواکرول در غلظت 5 درصد در فیلم هیدروژلی بر پایه آرد فیلتر گندم علیه اشرشیاکلای و لیستریامونوسایتوژنز به‌ترتیب 16/1 و 34/1 لگاریتمی بود. بیشترین کاهش اندیس لگاریتمی فیلم فعال هیدروژلی در غلظت 10 درصد کارواکرول علیه لیستریامونوسایتوژنز 71/2 مشاهده شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

Abdollahi, M., Alboofetileh, M., Behrooz, R., Rezaei, M., & Miraki, R. 2013. Reducing water sensitivity of alginate bio-nanocomposite film using cellulose nanoparticles. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 54, 166-173.
Aguirrea, A., Borneoa, R.B., & Leon, A.E. 2013. Antimicrobial, mechanical and barrier properties of triticale protein films incorporated with oregano essential oil. Food Bioscience 1, 2-9.
Ahmad, M., Benjakul, S., Prodpran, T., & Agustini, T.W. 2012. Physico-mechanical and antimicrobial properties of gelatin film from the skin of unicorn leatherjacket incorporated with essential oils. Food Hydrocolloids 28, 189-199.
Andrade-Mahecha, M.M., Tapia-Blácido, D.R., & Menegalli, F.C. 2012. Development and optimization of biodegradable films based on achira flour. Carbohydrate Polymers 88, 449-458.
ASTM, 2009. Standard test method for tensile properties of thin plastic sheeting D882-02, ASTM, Annual Book of American Standard Testing Methods., Philadelphia, PA.
ASTM, E., Standard test methods for water vapor transmission of materials, ASTM E.
Atarés, L., Chiralt, A., 2016. Essential oils as additives in biodegradable films and coatings for active food packaging. Trends in food science & technology 48, 51-62.
Atef, M., Rezaei, M., & Behrooz, R. 2015. Characterization of physical, mechanical, and antibacterial properties of agar-cellulose bionanocomposite films incorporated with savory essential oil. Food Hydrocolloids 45, 150-157.
Azadbakht, E., Maghsoudlou, Y., Khomiri, M., & Kashiri, M. 2018. Development and structural characterization of chitosan films containing Eucalyptus globulus essential oil: Potential as an antimicrobial carrier for packaging of sliced sausage. Food Packaging and Shelf Life 17, 65-72.
Ben Arfa, A., Combes, S., Preziosi‐Belloy, L., Gontard, N., & Chalier, P. 2006. Antimicrobial activity of carvacrol related to its chemical structure. Letters in applied microbiology 43, 149-154.
Betz, M., & Kulozik, U. 2011. Whey protein gels for the entrapment of bioactive anthocyanins from bilberry extract. International Dairy Journal 21, 703-710.
Borneo, R., Alba, N., & Aguirre, A. 2016. New films based on triticale flour: Properties and effects of storage time. Journal of Cereal Science 68, 82-87.
Bravin, B., Peressini, D., & Sensidoni, A. 2004. Influence of emulsifier type and content on functional properties of polysaccharide lipid-based edible films. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 52, 6448-6455.
Briassoulis, D., & Giannoulis, A. 2018. Evaluation of the functionality of bio-based food packaging films. Polymer Testing 69, 39-51.
Coughlan, K., Shaw, N., Kerry, J., & Kerry, J. 2004. Combined Effects of Proteins and Polysaccharides on Physical Properties of Whey Protein Concentrate‐based Edible Films. Journal of food science 69.
Delcour, J.A., & Hoseney, R.C. 2010. Principles of cereal science and technology. St. Paul, MN, USA: AACC International.
Dhumal, C.V., Ahmed, J., Bandara, N., & Sarkar, P. 2019. Improvement of antimicrobial activity of sago starch/guar gum bi-phasic edible films by incorporating carvacrol and citral. Food Packaging and Shelf Life, 21, 100380
Dias, A.B., Müller, C.M.O., Larotonda, F.D.S., & Laurindo, J.B. 2010. Biodegradable films based on rice starch and rice flour. Journal of Cereal Science 51, 213-219.
Dorđevic, V., Balanč, B., Belščak-Cvitanović, A., Lević, S., Trifković, K., Kalušević, A., Kostić, I., Komes, D., Bugarski, B., & Nedović, V. 2015. Trends in encapsulation technologies for delivery of food bioactive compounds. Food Engineering Reviews 7, 452-490.
Drakos, A., Pelava, E., & Evageliou, V. 2018. Properties of flour films as affected by the flour's source and particle size. Food Research International 107, 551-558.
Farag, R., Daw, Z., & Abo‐Raya, S. 1989. Influence of some spice essential oils on Aspergillus parasiticus growth and production of aflatoxins in a synthetic medium. Journal of Food Science 54, 74-76.
Ghasemlou, M., Aliheidari, N., Fahmi, R., Shojaee-Aliabadi, S., Keshavarz, B., Cran, M.J., & Khaksar, R. 2013. Physical, mechanical and barrier properties of corn starch films incorporated with plant essential oils. Carbohydrate polymers 98, 1117-1126.
Gutiérrez, T.J. 2018. Are modified pumpkin flour/plum flour nanocomposite films biodegradable and compostable, Food Hydrocolloids 83, 397-410.
Gutiérrez, T.J., Suniaga, J., Monsalve, A., & García, N.L. 2016. Influence of beet flour on the relationship surface-properties of edible and intelligent films made from native and modified plantain flour. Food Hydrocolloids 54, Part B, 234-244.
Hashemi Gahruie, H., Ziaee, E., Eskandari, M. H., & Hosseini, S. M. H. (2017). Characterization of basil seed gum-based edible films incorporated with Zataria multiflora essential oil nanoemulsion. Carbohydrate Polymers, 166, 93–103.
Hemdane, S., Leys, S., Jacobs, P.J., Dornez, E., Delcour, J.A., & Courtin, C.M. 2015. Wheat milling by-products and their impact on bread making. Food Chemistry 187, 280-289.
Heras-Mozos, R., Muriel-Galet, V., López-Carballo, G., Catalá, R., Hernández-Muñoz, P., & Gavara, R. 2019. Development and optimization of antifungal packaging for sliced pan loaf based on garlic as active agent and bread aroma as aroma corrector. International journal of food microbiology, 290, 42-48.
Homayouni, H., Kavoosi, G., & Nassiri, S.M. 2017. Physicochemical, antioxidant and antibacterial properties of dispersion made from tapioca and gelatinized tapioca starch incorporated with carvacrol. LWT 77, 503-509.
Hosseini, M., Razavi, S., & Mousavi, M. 2009. Antimicrobial, physical and mechanical properties of chitosan‐based films incorporated with thyme, clove and cinnamon essential oils. Journal of food processing and preservation 33, 727-743.
Jouki, M., Tabatabaei Yazdi, F., Mortazavi, S.A., & Koocheki, A. 2013. Physical, barrier and antioxidant properties of a novel plasticized edible film from quince seed mucilage. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 62, 500-507.
Jouki, M., Mortazavi, S.A., Yazdi, F.T., & Koocheki, A. 2014a. Optimization of extraction, antioxidant activity and functional properties of quince seed mucilage by RSM. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 66, 113-124.
Jouki, M., Yazdi, F.T., Mortazavi, S.A., & Koocheki, A. 2014b. Quince seed mucilage films incorporated with oregano essential oil: Physical, thermal, barrier, antioxidant and antibacterial properties. Food Hydrocolloids 36, 9-19.
Jagannath, J., Nanjappa, C., Das Gupta, D., & Bawa, A. 2003. Mechanical and barrier properties of edible starch–protein‐based films. Journal of applied polymer science 88, 64-71.
Kashiri, M., Cerisuelo, J.P., Domínguez, I., López-Carballo, G., Muriel-Gallet, V., Gavara, R., & Hernández-Muñoz, P. 2017. Zein films and coatings as carriers and release systems of Zataria multiflora Boiss. essential oil for antimicrobial food packaging. Food Hydrocolloids 70, 260-268.
Kashiri, M., López-Carballo, G., Hernández-Muñoz, P., & Gavara, R. 2019. Antimicrobial packaging based on a LAE containing zein coating to control foodborne pathogens in chicken soup. International Journal of Food Microbiology 306, 108272.
Kavoosi, G., Dadfar, S.M.M., Mohammadi Purfard, A., & Mehrabi, R. 2013. Antioxidant and antibacterial properties of gelatin films incorporated with carvacrol. Journal of Food Safety 33, 423-432.
Lu, M., Li, Z., Liang, H., Shi, M., Zhao, L., Li, W., Chen, Y., Wu, J., Wang, S., Chen, X., Yuan, Q., & Li, Y. 2015. Controlled release of anthocyanins from oxidized konjac glucomannan microspheres stabilized by chitosan oligosaccharides. Food Hydrocolloids 51, 476-485.
Luqin, X., Pengtao, H., Ruihua, M., & Jianghong, L. 2009. Application of TEM on Hydrogeological Exploration in Xinji No. 1 Coalmine. Coal Geology of China, S1.
Mossavi, M., Kashiri, M., Maghsoudlou, Y., Khomiri , M., & Alami, M. 2019. mdrsjrns 15, 33-47.
Mun, S., Kim, Y.-R., McClements, D.J., 2015. Control of β-carotene bioaccessibility using starch-based filled hydrogels. Food chemistry 173, 454-461.
Muriel-Galet, V., López-Carballo, G., Gavara, R., &Hernández-Muñoz, P. 2012. Antimicrobial food packaging film based on the release of LAE from EVOH. International Journal of Food Microbiology 157, 239-244
Neves, M.A.d., Kimura, T., Shimizu, N., & Shiiba, K. 2006. Production of alcohol by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of low-grade wheat flour. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 49, 481-490.
Nouraddini, M., Esmaiili, M., & Mohtarami, F. 2018. Development and characterization of edible films based on eggplant flour and corn starch. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 120, 1639-1645.
Ojagh, S.M., Rezaei, M., Razavi, S.H., & Hosseini, S.M.H. 2010. Development and evaluation of a novel biodegradable film made from chitosan and cinnamon essential oil with low affinity toward water. Food Chemistry 122, 161-166.
Ozel, B., Cikrikci, S., Aydin, O., & Oztop, M.H. 2017. Polysaccharide blended whey protein isolate-(WPI) hydrogels: A physicochemical and controlled release study. Food Hydrocolloids 71, 35-46.
Pelissari, F.M., Andrade-Mahecha, M.M., Sobral, P.J.d.A., & Menegalli, F.C. 2013. Comparative study on the properties of flour and starch films of plantain bananas (Musa paradisiaca). Food Hydrocolloids 30, 681-690.
Pelissari, F.M., Grossmann, M.V., Yamashita, F., & Pineda, E.A.G. 2009. Antimicrobial, mechanical, and barrier properties of cassava starch− chitosan films incorporated with oregano essential oil. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 57, 7499-7504.
Pires, C., Ramos, C., Teixeira, G., Batista, I., Mendes, R., Nunes, L., & Marques, A. 2011. Characterization of biodegradable films prepared with hake proteins and thyme oil. Journal of Food Engineering 105, 422-428.
Pomeranz, Y. 1988. Wheat: Chemistry and Technology, Vol. I. St-Paul, Minnesota: American Association of Cereal Chemists.
Pranoto, Y., Rakshit, S.K., & Salokhe, V.M. 2005. Enhancing antimicrobial activity of chitosan films by incorporating garlic oil, potassium sorbate and nisin. LWT- Food Science and Technology 38, 859-865.
Ramos, M., Beltrán, A., Peltzer, M., Valente, A.J.M., & Garrigós, M.d.C. 2014. Release and antioxidant activity of carvacrol and thymol from polypropylene active packaging films. LWT- Food Science and Technology 58, 470-477.
Rojas-Graü, M.A., Raybaudi-Massilia, R.M., Soliva-Fortuny, R.C., Avena-Bustillos, R.J., McHugh, T.H., & Martín-Belloso, O. 2007. Apple puree-alginate edible coating as carrier of antimicrobial agents to prolong shelf-life of fresh-cut apples. Postharvest Biology and Technology 45, 254-264.
Romero, V., Borneo, R., Passalacqua, N., & Aguirre, A. 2016. Biodegradable films obtained from triticale (x Triticosecale Wittmack) flour activated with natamycin for cheese packaging. Food Packaging and Shelf Life 10, 54-59.
Rubilar, J.F., Cruz, R.M.S., Silva, H.D., Vicente, A.A., Khmelinskii, I., & Vieira, M.C. 2013. Physico-mechanical properties of chitosan films with carvacrol and grape seed extract. Journal of Food Engineering 115, 466-474.
Salarbashi, D., Tajik, S., Ghasemlou, M., Shojaee-Aliabadi, S., Shahidi Noghabi, M., & Khaksar, R. 2013. Characterization of soluble soybean polysaccharide film incorporated essential oil intended for food packaging. Carbohydrate Polymers 98, 1127-1136.
Sánchez-González, L., Vargas, M., González-Martínez, C., Chiralt, A., & Cháfer, M. 2009. Characterization of edible films based on hydroxypropylmethylcellulose and tea tree essential oil. Food Hydrocolloids 23, 2102-2109.
Tsang, Y.F., Kumar, V., Samadar, P., Yang, Y., Lee, J., Ok, Y.S., Song, H., Kim, K.-H., Kwon, E.E., & Jeon, Y.J. 2019. Production of bioplastic through food waste valorization. Environment International 127, 625-644.
Waggle, D., Lambert, M., Miller, G., Farrell, E., & Deyoe, C. 1967. Extensive analyses of flours and millfeeds made from nine different wheat mixes. 2. Amino acids, minerals, vitamins, and gross energy. Cereal Chemistry 44, 48-60.
Wang, J., Xie, A., & Zhang, C. 2013. Feature of air classification product in wheat milling: Physicochemical, rheological properties of filter flour. Journal of cereal science 57, 537-542.
Wichchukit, S., Oztop, M., McCarthy, M., & McCarthy, K. 2013. Whey protein/alginate beads as carriers of a bioactive component. Food Hydrocolloids 33, 66-73.