نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1- استادیار، گروه علوم و مهندسی باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان، ملاثانی، ایران

2 دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان

چکیده

سمیت قارچ‌کش‌های سنتزی و مقاومت پاتوژن‌های قارچی به این عوامل نگهنداره سبب افزایش تقاضا برای جایگزین‌های طبیعی مانند اسانس‌های گیاهی شده است. در این مطالعه، اسانس آویشن دنایی با کمک روش تقطیر با آب استخراج گردید و ترکیبات تشکیل دهنده آن توسط دستگاه کروماتوگرافی گازی متصل به طیف‌سنج جرمی شناسایی و تعیین مقدار شدند. اسانس آویشن دنایی غنی از تیمول (88/69 درصد)، گاما-ترپینن (49/8 درصد)، پارا-سیمن (20/8 درصد) و کارواکرول (55/3 درصد) بود. علاوه بر این، محتوای فنول و فلاوونوئید کل اسانس به ترتیب mg GAE/g 45/91 و mg QE/g 28/46 بدست آمد که نقش مهمی در فعالیت آنتی‌اکسیدانی آن ایفا کردند؛ بطوریکه فعالیت مهار رادیکال آزاد DPPH (IC50 معادل 30/29 میلی‌گرم در میلی‌لیتر)، رادیکال آزاد ABTS (IC50 معادل 68/22 میلی‌گرم در میلی‌لیتر)، جلوگیری از زوال رنگ بتا-کاروتن (22/62 درصد) و احیاء کردن آهن فریک (μM QE/g 10/30) اسانس آویشن دنایی قابل‌توجه بود. فعالیت ضدقارچی اسانس آویشن دنایی در برابر قارچ‌های مولد فساد میوه سیب (پنی‏سیلیوم اکسپانسوم، بوتریتیس سینه‏را و آلترناریا آلترناتا) بررسی گردید و پنی‏سیلیوم اکسپانسوم حساس‌ترین گونه قارچی نسبت به اسانس بود و غلظت‌های کمتری از اسانس جهت جلوگیری از رشد یا از بین بردن این گونه موردنیاز بود. مطابق نتایج، اسانس آویشن دنایی را می‌توان بعنوان عامل ضدقارچ طبیعی و جایگزین قارچ‌کش‌های شیمیایی جهت جلوگیری از رشد قارچ‌های پاتوژن روی سیب یا سایر محصولات غذایی و افزایش عمر انبارمانی آن‌ها استفاده نمود.

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