نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی لاتین

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم و صنایع غذایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه جهرم، جهرم، ایران.

2 گروه علوم و صنایع غذایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

پنیر فتای فراپالایش پنیری است که عمدتاً از شیر گاو تولید شده و معمولاً به‌صورت تازه و یا پس از یک دوره کوتاه رسیدگی (60 روز) مصرف می‌گردد. در این پژوهش، اثر کشت‌های آغازگر تجاری (SafeIT 2، FRC - 65 و R- 704) و زمان رسیدگی (صفر تا 60 روز) بر ویژگی‌های شیمیایی (مواد جامد کل، چربی، پروتئین، خاکستر، نمک، اسیدیته، pH)، بیوشیمیایی (ازت محلول در 6/4 pH، اسید تری‌کلرواستیک و اسید فسفوتنگستیک، عدد اسیدی) و حسی (رنگ و ظاهر، آروما، بافت، طعم و پذیرش کلی) پنیر فتای فراپالایش آنالوگ بررسی گردید. بر اساس نتایج حاصله، نوع کشت آغازگر بر میزان pH، نمک، پروتئین و ازت محلول در 6/4 =pH نمونه‌های پنیر اثر معنی‌داری داشت (P≤ 0.05)، در حالی که سایر خواص شیمیایی تحت تاثیر معنی‌دار آن قرار نگرفت. اثر زمان رسیدگی نیز تنها بر میزان اسیدیته، pH، نمک، عدد اسیدی، پروتئین و محصولات پروتئولیز نمونه‌ها معنی‌دار بود. همچنین، کشت آغازگر و زمان رسیدگی بر خصوصیات حسی نمونه‌های پنیر، به‌جز رنگ و ظاهر، اثر معنی‌داری نداشتند، هرچند پنیرهای تولید شده از کشت آغازگر SafeIT 2 در مقایسه با نمونه‌های تولید شده از کشت‌هایFRC- 65  و R- 704 امتیازات حسی بالاتری داشتند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

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